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http.py

# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the (LGPL) GNU Lesser General Public License as
# published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the 
# License, or (at your option) any later version.
#
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
# GNU Library Lesser General Public License for more details at
# ( http://www.gnu.org/licenses/lgpl.html ).
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
# along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
# Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
# written by: Jeff Ortel ( jortel@redhat.com )

"""
Contains classes for basic HTTP transport implementations.
"""

import urllib2 as u2
import base64
import socket
from suds.transport import *
from suds.properties import Unskin
from urlparse import urlparse
from cookielib import CookieJar
from logging import getLogger

log = getLogger(__name__)


00033 class HttpTransport(Transport):
    """
    HTTP transport using urllib2.  Provided basic http transport
    that provides for cookies, proxies but no authentication.
    """
    
00039     def __init__(self, **kwargs):
        """
        @param kwargs: Keyword arguments.
            - B{proxy} - An http proxy to be specified on requests.
                 The proxy is defined as {protocol:proxy,}
                    - type: I{dict}
                    - default: {}
            - B{timeout} - Set the url open timeout (seconds).
                    - type: I{float}
                    - default: 90
        """
        Transport.__init__(self)
        Unskin(self.options).update(kwargs)
        self.cookiejar = CookieJar()
        self.proxy = {}
        self.urlopener = None
        
00056     def open(self, request):
        try:
            url = request.url
            log.debug('opening (%s)', url)
            u2request = u2.Request(url)
            self.proxy = self.options.proxy
            return self.u2open(u2request)
        except u2.HTTPError, e:
            raise TransportError(str(e), e.code, e.fp)

00066     def send(self, request):
        result = None
        url = request.url
        msg = request.message
        headers = request.headers
        try:
            u2request = u2.Request(url, msg, headers)
            self.addcookies(u2request)
            self.proxy = self.options.proxy
            request.headers.update(u2request.headers)
            log.debug('sending:\n%s', request)
            fp = self.u2open(u2request)
            self.getcookies(fp, u2request)
            result = Reply(200, fp.headers.dict, fp.read())
            log.debug('received:\n%s', result)
        except u2.HTTPError, e:
            if e.code in (202,204):
                result = None
            else:
                raise TransportError(e.msg, e.code, e.fp)
        return result

00088     def addcookies(self, u2request):
        """
        Add cookies in the cookiejar to the request.
        @param u2request: A urllib2 request.
        @rtype: u2request: urllib2.Requet.
        """
        self.cookiejar.add_cookie_header(u2request)
        
00096     def getcookies(self, fp, u2request):
        """
        Add cookies in the request to the cookiejar.
        @param u2request: A urllib2 request.
        @rtype: u2request: urllib2.Requet.
        """
        self.cookiejar.extract_cookies(fp, u2request)
        
00104     def u2open(self, u2request):
        """
        Open a connection.
        @param u2request: A urllib2 request.
        @type u2request: urllib2.Requet.
        @return: The opened file-like urllib2 object.
        @rtype: fp
        """
        tm = self.options.timeout
        url = self.u2opener()
        if self.u2ver() < 2.6:
            socket.setdefaulttimeout(tm)
            return url.open(u2request)
        else:
            return url.open(u2request, timeout=tm)
            
00120     def u2opener(self):
        """
        Create a urllib opener.
        @return: An opener.
        @rtype: I{OpenerDirector}
        """
        if self.urlopener is None:
            return u2.build_opener(*self.u2handlers())
        else:
            return self.urlopener
        
00131     def u2handlers(self):
        """
        Get a collection of urllib handlers.
        @return: A list of handlers to be installed in the opener.
        @rtype: [Handler,...]
        """
        handlers = []
        handlers.append(u2.ProxyHandler(self.proxy))
        return handlers
            
00141     def u2ver(self):
        """
        Get the major/minor version of the urllib2 lib.
        @return: The urllib2 version.
        @rtype: float
        """
        try:
            part = u2.__version__.split('.', 1)
            n = float('.'.join(part))
            return n
        except Exception, e:
            log.exception(e)
            return 0
        
    def __deepcopy__(self, memo={}):
        clone = self.__class__()
        p = Unskin(self.options)
        cp = Unskin(clone.options)
        cp.update(p)
        return clone


00163 class HttpAuthenticated(HttpTransport):
    """
    Provides basic http authentication for servers that don't follow
    the specified challenge / response model.  This implementation
    appends the I{Authorization} http header with base64 encoded
    credentials on every http request.
    """
    
00171     def open(self, request):
        self.addcredentials(request)
        return HttpTransport.open(self, request)
    
00175     def send(self, request):
        self.addcredentials(request)
        return HttpTransport.send(self, request)
    
    def addcredentials(self, request):
        credentials = self.credentials()
        if not (None in credentials):
            encoded = base64.encodestring(':'.join(credentials))
            basic = 'Basic %s' % encoded[:-1]
            request.headers['Authorization'] = basic
                 
    def credentials(self):
        return (self.options.username, self.options.password)

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